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A subordinating conjunction is an adverb
or adverbial phrase that introduces into a sentence a
subordinate adverbial clause, which functions to modify
adverbially the main sentence clause or a part of the main
sentence clause, usually the main verb. Additionally, the
subordinate clause also introduces a new idea, or proposition,
into the sentence. This new idea, or proposition, expressed in
the subordinate clause is said to carry less weight, or
importance, than the idea expressed in the main sentence
We might also note that a
subordinate adverbial clause modifies the main sentence clause
by introducing one of the following concepts into the main
sentence clause: addition, cause & effect, comparison,
concession, contrast, emphasis, example, summary, or sequence.
Many words and phrases can function as subordinating
conjunctions. Following is a list of those frequently used in
English. Note: many words that function as a subordinating
conjunction can also function as other parts of speech.
Adverbs Can Also Function as Conjunctions, Transitions
|as long as
||in order that
Conjunction Introduces Subordinate Clause
subordinate, or dependent, adverbial clause functions within a
sentence to modify the main clause or a part of the main
clause, usually the main verb. The idea, or what is sometimes
called the proposition, contained within a subordinate
clause is said to be of lesser rank or importance than the
idea expressed in the main clause. Although their name
suggests otherwise, subordinating conjunctions are not true
conjunctions; but the name derives from their ability to
incorporate into a sentence another idea in addition to the
idea expressed by the main clause.
Because many of the
words described as subordinating conjunctions can also
function as other parts of speech, a word functioning as a
subordinate conjunction is identified by function alone. All
subordinating conjunctions are adverbs or adverbial phrases;
but not all adverbs or adverbial phrases are subordinating
conjunctions. Some adverbs can, for instance, function as
conjunctive adverbs or adverbial expletives .
each following example that the main sentence clause appears
in unhighlighted text. This is the main idea, or proposition,
expressed in each sentence. Subordinate clauses appear in
accentuated text; the subordinating conjunction is underlined.
Can you determine which one of the several concepts (mentioned
above) the subordinate clause introduces into the main
Norman was constantly late, Mr. Russell cut him from
Take two tablets daily until the doctor tells you to
going, I will not go.
Although the carpet had been
treated, it was stained by the red wine.
cooked our supper while I mowed the
Nebil sings opera as though he were Luciano
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