ADVERBS OF DURATION
Already is used to say that something has happened earlier than
Still is used to say that something continues to happen until a
Yet is used to say that something has not happened before a particular
Any longer, any more, no longer, and no more are used to say that
something has stopped happening.
1. We use adverbials of duration to say that an event or
situation is continuing, stopping, or is not happening at the moment.
She still lives in London.
I couldn't stand it any more.
It isn't dark yet.
2. We use already to say that something has happened
sooner than it was expected to happen. We put already in front of the main
He had already bought the cups and saucers.
I've already seen them.
The guests were already conning in.
We put already after be as a main verb.
Julie was already in bed.
We can also use already to emphasize that something is the case, for
example when someone else does not know or is not sure.
I am already aware of that problem.
We do not normally use already in negative statements, but we can use it
in negative if-clauses.
Show it to him if he hasn't already seen it.
We can put already at the beginning or end of a clause for emphasis.
Already he was calculating the profit he could make.
I've done it already.
3. We use still to say that a situation continues to
exist up to a particular time in the past, present, or future. You put still
in front of the main verb.
We were still waiting for the election results.
My family still live in India.
You will still get tickets, if you hurry.
You put still after be as a main verb.
Martin's mother died, but his father is still alive.
We can use still after the subject and before the verb group in negative
sentences to express surprise or impatience.
You still haven't given us the keys.
He still didn't say a word.
It was after midnight, and he still wouldn't leave.
Remember that we can use still at the beginning of a clause with a similar
meaning to after all or nevertheless.
Still, he is my brother, so I'll have to help him.
Still, it's not too bad. We didn't lose all the money.
4. We use yet at the end of negative sentences and
questions to say that something has not happened or had not happened up to a
particular time, but is or was expected to happen later.
We haven't got the tickets yet.
Have you joined the swimming club yet?
They hadn't seen the baby yet.
Remember that yet can also be used at the beginning of a clause with a
similar meaning to but.
I don't miss her, yet I do often wonder where she went.
They know they won't win. Yet they keep on trying.
5. We use any longer and any more at the end of
negative clauses to say that a past situation has ended and does not exist now
or will not exist in the future.
I wanted the job, but I couldn't wait any longer.
He's not going to play any more.
In formal English, we can use an affirmative clause with no longer and no
more. We can put them at the end of the clause, or in front of the main