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Prepositions used in idioms-2


The following are examples of nouns which are usually followed by certain prepositions. In the case of phrases which are idioms, the meanings of the phrases are indicated in brackets.

Against  
  take precautions against  
   
For  
  have affection for   make allowances for
  have compassion for   an excuse for
  a reason for   have a reputation for
  have respect for   have sympathy for
  have a talent for   lie in wait for (ambush)
  pave the way for (prepare for)  
   
From  
  absence from  
   
In  
  have confidence in   have faith in
  have an interest in   take part in
  make progress in  
   
Into  
  have insight into  
   
Of  
  have an abhorrence of   an acknowledgement of
  take advantage of   take care of
  take command of   evidence of
  an example of   an excess of
  make a fool of   make fun of (ridicule)
  have an impression of   a lack of
  neglect of   a number of
  a pair of   be part of
  a possibility of   make a practice of (do often)
  a proof of   a quantity of
  recognition of   a recollection of
  a result of   run the risk of (risk)
  catch sight of (see suddenly)   a sign of
  a survey of   a symbol of
  a symptom of   a token of
  make use of   a way of
  wash one's hands of (stop caring  
    about and dealing with)  
   
On  
  an attack on   dependence on
  make an impression on   play a joke on
  shed light on (explain)   have pity on
   
To  
  have access to   pay attention to
  an objection to   a reply to
  a response to   lay siege to (besiege)
  shut one's eyes to (deliberately  
    ignore a problem)  
   
Toward or Towards  
  animosity toward(s)   an attitude toward(s)
   
With  
  have a connection with   find fault with (criticize)
  fall in love with   change places with


  Adjectives and verbs in the passive voice followed by prepositions



In some cases different prepositions can be used without causing a change in meaning. For instance, the following examples both have the same meaning.
--> I was angry at them.
      I was angry with them.

However, in many cases, the use of different prepositions causes a change in meaning. For instance, the past participle protected is typically followed by the preposition from. However, like many other past participles, protected may also be followed by the preposition by, where by serves to introduce the performer of the action expressed by the past participle.
--> The city is protected from the soldiers.
      The city is protected by the soldiers.
The first example indicates that the soldiers are a threat to the city; whereas the second example indicates that the soldiers are protecting the city.

The following are examples of predicate adjectives and past participles of verbs in the Passive Voice which are usually followed by certain prepositions. In addition, it should be kept in mind that most verbs in the Passive Voice can be followed by a phrase beginning with the preposition by.

About  
  anxious about   concerned about
  curious about   depressed about
  doubtful about   enthusiastic about
  excited about   happy about
  pleased about   wrong about
  worried about  
   
At  
  adept at   alarmed at
  amazed at   overjoyed at
  shocked at   surprised at
   
Between  
  torn between  
   
By  
  accompanied by   caused by
  guided by   manufactured by
  obsessed by   written by
   
For  
  blamed for   eligible for
  famous for   fit for
  known for   late for
  noted for   praised for
  punished for   qualified for
  ready for   responsible for
  ripe for   sorry for
  suitable for  
   
From  
  absent from   apart from
  derived from   descended from
  detached from   different from
  distinct from   exempt from
  far from   isolated from
  omitted from   protected from
  removed from   safe from
  separated from  
   
In  
  absorbed in   disappointed in
  engaged in   immersed in
  interested in   involved in
   
Of  
  accused of   afraid of
  ashamed of   aware of
  capable of   certain of
  composed of   conscious of
  convinced of   deprived of
  devoid of   fond of
  ignorant of   independent of
  jealous of   proud of
  regardless of   reminded of
  sure of   suspicious of
  suspected of   terrified of
  tired of   worthy of
   
On  
  based on   dependent on
  intent on
   
To  
  acceptable to   accessible to
  accustomed to   adapted to
  addicted to   adjacent to
  attached to   attributable to
  close to   committed to
  comparable to   dedicated to
  detrimental to   devoted to
  due to   equal to
  equivalent to   essential to
  exposed to   faithful to
  favorable to   foreign to
  impervious to   indifferent to
  indispensable to   inferior to
  kind to   loyal to
  next to   obedient to
  obliged to   oblivious to
  opposed to   parallel to
  partial to   peculiar to
  preferable to   prior to
  proportional to   reconciled to
  reduced to   related to
  relative to   relevant to
  resigned to   resistant to
  restricted to   senior to
  sensitive to   similar to
  subject to   subordinate to
  suited to   superior to
  susceptible to   tied to
   
Toward or Towards  
  protective toward(s)  
   
With  
  acquainted with   affiliated with
  associated with   besieged with
  compared with   compatible with
  confronted with   consistent with
  covered with   cursed with
  exasperated with   familiar with
  finished with   identified with
  infatuated with   patient with
  pleased with   satisfied with
  synonymous with   threatened with


Verbs followed by prepositions

The following are examples of verbs which are often followed by certain prepositions.

About  
  care about   complain about
  forget about   lie about (tell a lie)
  reminisce about   talk about
  think about   wonder about
  worry about  
   
Against  
  discriminate against   protest against
  react against   rebel against
  turn against  
   
At  
  aim at   bark at
  connive at   frown at
  gaze at   glare at
  growl at   hint at
  look at   point at
  shoot at   smile at
  snap at   sneer at
  stare at   wave at
  wink at  
   
For  
  apply for   apologize for
  beg for   blame for
  budget for   hope for
  long for   look for
  mourn for   pay for
  plead for   pose for
  pray for   prepare for
  press for   register for
  search for   shop for
  substitute for   vouch for
  wait for   wish for
   
From  
  abstain from   benefit from
  deduct from   derive from
  desist from   deter from
  detract from   deviate from
  differ from   divert from
  escape from   extricate from
  flee from   infer from
  profit from   protect from
  quote from   radiate from
  recoil from   recover from
  refrain from   shrink from
  stem from   suffer from
   
In  
  believe in   engage in
  indulge in   intervene in
  invest in   participate in
  persist in   succeed in
   
Into  
  change into   convert into
  delve into   dip into
  develop into   divide into
  fall into   merge into
  plunge into   pry into
  sink into   transform into
   
Of  
  approve of   beware of
  conceive of   consist of
  deprive of   die of
  disapprove of   smell of
   
On  
  blame on   concentrate on
  depend on   impinge on
  impose on   insist on
  intrude on   pounce on
  reflect on   rely on
  report on   spy on
  subsist on   thrive on
   
Over  
  preside over   trip over
   
To  
  adapt to   adhere to
  adjust to   amount to
  belong to   conform to
  contribute to   correspond to
  listen to   object to
  pertain to   prefer to
  refer to   relate to
  respond to   resort to
  revert to   submit to
  subscribe to   succumb to
  surrender to   yield to
   
With  
  agree with   associate with
  collaborate with   combine with
  communicate with   comply with
  concur with   consort with
  contend with   cooperate with
  cope with   correspond with
  flirt with   mingle with
  share with   sympathize with
   

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